Sustainable food system are systems that provide healthy food to people and at the same time provide sustainable effects on environmental, economic and social systems surrounding food.
Sustainable food systems begin with the development of sustainable agricultural practices, the development of sustainable food distribution systems, the creation of sustainable nutrition and the reduction of food waste across the system. In addition to these, it is a continuous development and changing system in agricultural practices, raw material resources, and the excess of raw materials in foods.
Transition to sustainable food systems is an important component of solving the causes of climate change. A 2020 review for the European Union found that up to 37% of global greenhouse gas emissions are affected by food systems, including crop and livestock production, transportation, changing land use (including deforestation), and food loss and waste. Sustainable food systems are at the center of sustainability-oriented policy programs such as the proposed Green New Opportunity programs.
WHAT IS SUSTAINABLE FOOD SYSTEM?
There are many different definitions of a sustainable food system. Below you can find the most important of these definitions.
From a global perspective, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization explains the sustainable food system as follows:
The sustainable food system (SGS) is a food system that provides food safety and nutrition, without compromising on economic, social and environmental foundations that will ensure food safety and nutrition for future generations. This means that:
It is profitable (economic sustainability);
It provides broad-based benefits for the community (social sustainability);
Has a positive or neutral impact on the natural environment (environmental sustainability)
The American Public Health Association (APHA) defines a sustainable food system as follows:
They are systems that provide healthy food to meet current food needs and at the same time protect healthy ecosystems that can provide food to generations with the least negative impact on the environment. A sustainable food system also promotes local production and distribution infrastructures and makes nutritious foods accessible, accessible and affordable for everyone. In addition, humane and fair protects farmers and other workers, consumers and communities.
The Scientific Advice Mechanism of the European Union defines a sustainable food system as follows:
It provides and promotes safe, nutritious and healthy foods that will protect and restore the natural environment and ecosystem services for all current and future EU citizens, safe, nutritious and healthy, with low environmental impact, and is socially acceptable. It does this without compromising the availability of nutritious and healthy foods for people living outside the EU, or without disrupting their natural environment.
WHY SUSTAINABLE FOOD SYSTEMS?
Industrial agriculture causes environmental effects as well as health problems related to obesity in the rich world and starvation in the poor world. This created a strong demand for healthy, sustainable eating as an important component of overall ethical consumption.
Traditional food systems are largely based on the availability of mechanized agriculture, the production or collection of chemical fertilizers, the processing of food products, and the availability of inexpensive fossil fuels necessary for packaging food. The food processing process began when the number of consumers began to grow rapidly, and the demand created to produce cheap and efficient calories increased, causing a drop in nutrition. Industrialized agriculture has caused hard-to-repair damage in local, regional and even global ecosystems due to its fertilizer flow, out-of-spot resource pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, as it relies on economies of scale to reduce production costs.
In addition, the need to reduce production costs in an increasingly globalized market caused food production to move to areas where economic costs (labor, taxes, etc.) were lower, or where environmental regulations were more loose, and where consumer markets were generally more. For example, most of the salmon sold in the United States are grown on the Chilean coast due to less stringent Chilean standards related to fish feed. Globalization of food production can lead to the loss of traditional food systems in less developed countries and may have negative effects on population health, ecosystems and cultures in these countries.
Sustainable Food Systems aims to create a minimum impact on the environment, people and countries in the production area. These systems, which aim at both efficiency and healthy production, are systems planned to save the Earth and the Future of the World.
WHERE IS GMT FOOD IN THIS SYSTEM?
FOOD times, suppliers, business partners, with its clean and sustainable label sustainable policies in Turkey and provide services in areas where the world is to supply products made from raw materials. Sustainable raw materials are the basic building block in clean and environmentally friendly food production, but they are an integral part of the system. As GMT FOOD, we invite you to our sustainable and clean food movement. With the slogan of 'CLEAN LABEL CLEAN FUTURE' for our world, we support the purification of products from unnecessary chemicals and production with sustainable products.